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The focus of program two is individuals with varying levels of visual impairment, including the blind. There is an overview of eye anatomy and function supplemented with graphics. Causes of sight impairment and loss including macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy are discussed. Low vision is compared and contrasted with blindness. Clear guidelines for assisting patients with vision difficulties are given and illustrated with realistic hospital-based scenarios.
1. Define low vision and blindness.
2. Recognize the incidence of visual impairment.
3. Know the causes of low vision and blindness (diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, glaucoma).
4. Realize effects of visual impairment on daily functions.
5. Know the impact of hospitalization on the visually impaired patient.
6. Be able to assess patient on admission.
7. Be familiar with the following nursing interventions for the hospitalized patient with visual impairment: Promoting safety; Orienting the patient to the immediate care environment; supporting independence in activities of daily living; and providing education for follow up needs.
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